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Skisse til en moderne personlig­hets­teori

En moderne personlighetsteori må funderes på teorier om temperament, tilknytning og mentalisering. 

Publisert
1. november 2019

Personlighetsforstyrrelser er blant samtidens største utfordringer for psykisk helse. Forekomsten er høy (ca. 12% i befolkningen; Volkert, Gablonski, & Rabung, 2018), lidelsestrykket er stort, ledsagende symptomlidelser er mange, belastningen på familier og samfunn er betydelig, og leveutsiktene er dårlige (Karterud, Wilberg, & Urnes, 2017; Kongerslev & Simonsen, 2017; Simonsen, Meisner, Bach, & Kongerslev, 2018). Men også i befolkningen for øvrig spiller personlighet en større rolle enn tidligere for livsløpet. Når betydningen av faktorer som etnisitet, kjønn, religion, familie og klasse blir mindre, øker betydningen av personlige egenskaper for hvordan det går en i livet. Det gjelder for svært mange områder, slik som utdannelse, økonomi, psykisk og fysisk helse, arbeidsførhet, livskvalitet og levelengde (Chapman et al., 2019; Hülür, 2017; Millon & Grossman, 2005). 

Først trekk-tilnærmingen 

Psykoanalyse 

Den sosial-kognitive tilnærmingen 

Temperament 

Tilknytning 

Mentalisering 

Du må være abonnent eller medlem av Psykologiforeningen for å lese videre.

Ikke abonnent? Få 12 papirutgaver og ubegrenset tilgang til alle digitale utaver for 1495 i året

Teksten sto på trykk første gang i Tidsskrift for Norsk psykologforening, Vol 56, nummer 11, 2019, side 834-843

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